Intro to Residential Rough Inspection General:

Electrical Inspection Checklist: Residential Rough Inspection General

This Electrical Inspection Checklist: Residential Rough Inspection General is engineered to provide an NEC compliant process to guide you in your safety inspections.

As a result of its frequent use, the residential home constitutes one of the more dangerous electrical locations. The sheer number of residential houses mean that fires or other problems resulting from poor wiring practices and other electrical faults pose a serious danger to the public. 

The purpose of the residential rough inspection general is to begin to identify the key areas which require checking, and to make sure all electrical systems adhere to appropriate standards. 

This process is editable and you can add or remove steps as you please. Each inspection-specific task contains the relevant NEC section reference which applies to the action. It is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the standards before beginning any inspection

As you work through the checklist, you will encounter form fields where you can enter information and notes in relation to each task. The checklist will save each entry and the data can be accessed from the overview tab on the left-hand column of your template overview. 

You can also opt to print your checklist once you have completed the inspection. This will give you the option to save it as a PDF and act as an automatically generated report. 

You can watch the video below for an introduction into the residential electrical inspection process. 

Electrical Residential Inspection - BDSOutreach

Record inspection details

Use this section to record the key details of the inspection.

Enter your information into the form fields provided. 

Run general inspection safety checklist

An electrical inspection is normally needed to ensure the safety of others. However, it is important to make sure that your own safety is not put at risk in performing the inspection. 

You can find here our checklist for making sure you are safe before performing your inspection

Electrical Inspection Checklist

The first half of this checklist is designed to help you assess the area and risk in order to do your job safely and well. 

We recommend you run this checklist before starting any inspection.

Check wiring methods for support and suitability

NEC: 3, 7, and 8, Art 334, 314.17

Make sure all wiring methods and cable assemblies are suitable for the residential conditions. 

Use the form field below to record your notes.

Check cable installation for clearance or protective plates

NEC: 300.4 

Check all cable installation in relation to framing members and furring strips. You should check all cables which run either through or parallel to the framing members and furring strips. There should be, at all times, either 1¼-in. (32-mm) clearance or the presence of protective steel plates to ensure safety requirements are met. 

Record your notes in the form field provided.

Make sure the boxes are suitable for use

NEC: 314.15, 314.27 

Check the boxes for their suitability.

Verify that boxes are installed in necessary locations

NEC: 300.15, 314.29

Boxes should be provided in accessible locations. Boxes should be present for all:

  • junctions,
  • outlets,
  • and pull points.

Record any notes in the form field below.

Confirm cables are safely secured to boxes

NEC: 314.17(B) and (C) 

All cables should be firmly secured to their boxes. 

Check boxes for conductor fill

NEC: 314.16 

Check the boxes for the appropriate conductor fill. 

You can find more supporting information on box conductor fill from ECMWeb.

Leave any notes in the form field below. 

Inspect the positioning of boxes intended to be flush

NEC: 314.20 

Check the positioning of the boxes which are intended to be flush. You should check the relationship between the box and both combustible and noncombustible finished surfaces. 

Verify the presence of key splicing devices

NEC: 250.8, 250.86, 250.146, 250.148 

Check for the presence of key splicing devices in all relevant locations. 

These include:

  • equipment grounding conductors within boxes, 
  • and bonding connections to other metal boxes

Check equipment grounding conductors

NEC: 250.118, 250.122 

Check the equipment grounding conductors for both suitability to the requirements, size, and condition.

Record your notes in the form field provided.  

Inspect boxes in floors or ceiling fans for listing

NEC: 314.27(B) and (C)

With both boxes in floors and with ceiling fans, it is important to check for obvious and hidden signs of listing. 

Check recessed luminaires are clear of combustibles

NEC: 410.116(A)(1), 410.116(B)

Check recessed luminaires have adequate clearance from both combustibles and any present insulation. 

Inspect cables installed in contact with thermal installation

NEC: 334.80, 310.15(B)(2) (a)

Some cables will be in positions where there is not adequate chance of achieving clearance. This could be in areas where there is insulation or stoppers for fire or drafts. Wiring in these conditions must be checked for possible adjustment factors.

Leave any notes in the form field provided.  

Make sure wall switch locations have grounded conductors

NEC: 404.2(C)

Inspect the wall switch locations and identify the presence of grounded conductors. 

Write down overall notes regarding inspection

If you have any other thoughts or comments which you would like to include in your report, leave them in the form field provided. 

Send report via email to key stakeholders

You can use the email widget to send a copy of your report to the key stakeholders. 

The information from your first task is being pulled into the body of the email through the use of variables. You can find more about variables on our help site


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