Introduction:

A supplier evaluation may involve:

  • Visiting the supplier on-site
  • Asking a series of probing questions about the supplier's business
  • Fact-checking
  • Researching customer opinions of the supplier

To make this process clearer, it's helpful to use an established model.

The most widely accepted checklist for supplier evaluations is Ray Carter's 10Cs Model.

Here is the model as Carter describes it, and the model we're basing this checklist on:

  • Capacity (Does the organization have the capacity to deliver the order)
  • Competency (Is the organization, its people or its process competent)
  • Consistency (Does the organization produce a consistent output)
  • Control of process (Can the organization control its process and offer flexibility)
  • Commitment to Quality (Does the organization effectively monitor and manage quality)
  • Cash (Has the organization got a strong enough financial base)
  • Cost (Is the product or service offered at a competitive price)
  • Culture (Are the supplier and buyer cultures compatible)
  • Clean (is the organization ethical, funded legitimately, doesn't engage Child labor, etc.)
  • Communication efficiency (Does the organization have support technology of information integration)to support collaboration and co-ordination in the supply chain.)

By properly vetting suppliers, you can make sure you're choosing one that communicates well, gives the best deals, and has the highest quality service.

Record supplier's details

To make it easy to keep track of the suppliers you're evaluating, we've designed this process so you can record the supplier's details, take notes, and see the notes summarized at the end. By using the form fields throughout, you'll be able to keep track of multiple evaluations in one place.

Start by recording the supplier's details.

Check the supplier's capacity

Does the organization have enough capacity to handle the order?

A huge enterprise is unlikely to choose a small, low capacity supplier because the supplier doesn't have enough units to offer.

Make sure that the supplier is at least big enough to handle your order size by asking the supplier.

Check the supplier's competency

While a supplier may offer great prices on the right amount of stock, everything else about them could make them a wrong fit.

A supplier's competency is best validated by talking to former and existing customers, reading online reviews, and seeing a list of companies that still deal with the particular supplier.

Check the supplier's process control

Does the supplier rely heavily on external factors to carry its business processes through from start to finish?

A business built on shaky foundations and bad processes is unlikely to be able to meet your needs. Ask directly how much control this supplier has over its processes, procedures, policies, and supply chain.

Check the supplier's consistency

How does the supplier ensure consistent service?

Ask the supplier about their processes for ensuring consistency, and (if necessary) request a demonstration or test product.

Check the supplier's commitment to quality

All organizations dealing with clients need to comply with high quality standards, whether that's ISO, Six Sigma, or another industry-specific spec.

Ask the supplier which standards they comply with, and whether they're going to be able to commit their services to you specifically in the long-term.

Check the supplier's business stability

What information can the supplier offer that will prove its business stability?

Ask for proof that the supplier isn't going to go bankrupt, or proof that the business isn't decaying.

Check the supplier's prices

According to Carter's 10Cs model, the supplier's prices aren't everything. The price of the goods should be considered only after the capacity, quality, and stability of the supplier is judged because those issues can be much more damaging over the long term.

Calculate the per-unit prices of each item you need and thoroughly compare them against the supplier's competitors.

Check the supplier's culture

Are your attitudes, values, and business sizes similar?

A massive supply company working with a startup is unlikely to empathize with frustration over a late delivery that was caused by rushing a much bigger deal. While this can be difficult to judge, the basic idea is that it should be possible and amicable to work with (and be valued by) your supplier.

Check the supplier is clean and ethical

Are you working with a supplier that makes efforts to reduce its carbon footprint, treat its workers well, and adhere to ethical and sustainable best practices?

Businesses that make efforts to reduce their negative impact on the world will often share this information on their websites, but you could also ask your contact for specifics.

Check the supplier's communication efficiency

As a client, you'll need to know:

  • Who is your point of contact?
  • How long can you expect to wait for a response?
  • What is the best way to reach your contact?
  • How quickly will you be notified in case of emergency disruptions?
  • How can an issue be escalated to a senior staff member?

Input evaluation outcome

Add supplier data to inventory management software

You can either do this step manually, or set up an integration through Zapier that will send the form data from step 2 to your inventory management software. Learn more about setting up Zapier integrations here.

Sources:

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